By A.J. Larner

This up to date and accelerated Fourth version is an alphabetical directory of often providing neurological indicators designed to steer the health professional towards the right kind scientific prognosis. The dictionary is concentrated, problem-based and concise. 

The established entries during this sensible, medical source supply summaries of a variety of neurological symptoms. every one access contains: a definition of the signal; a short account of the medical process required to elicit the signal; an outline of the opposite symptoms which could accompany the index signal; a proof of pathophysiological and/or pharmacological history; differential prognosis; short remedy information; and the place recognized, the neuroanatomical foundation of the sign. 

A Dictionary of Neurological symptoms, Fourth Edition, is an vital reference for all scholars, trainees, and clinicians who deal with sufferers with neurological issues, and will even be utilized in instruction for tests, for the reason that each one access is a photo of a selected affliction or disease.

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Some authorities consider asomatognosia as a form of confabulation. References Feinberg TE, Haber LD, Leeds NE. Verbal asomatognosia. Neurology 1990; 40: 1391-1394 Cross References Anosognosia; Confabulation; Neglect; Somatoparaphrenia Astasia - see CATAPLEXY Astasia-Abasia Astasia-abasia is the name that has sometimes been given to a disorder of gait characterized by impaired balance (disequilibrium), - 39 - A Astereognosis wide base, shortened stride, start/turn hesitation, and freezing. The term has no standardized definition and hence may mean different things to different observers.

This may occur as an idiopathic condition in isolation, or as a feature of the off periods of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. It is thought to represent a focal dystonia, and may be helped by local injections of botulinum toxin. References Jost WH, Muller-Lobeck H, Merkle W. Involuntary contractions of the striated anal sphincters as a cause of constipation: report of a case. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 1998; 41: 258-260 Cross References Dystonia; Parkinsonism Anisocoria Anisocoria is an inequality of pupil size.

Asthma inhaler accidentally puffed into one eye) Clinical characteristics and pharmacological testing may help to establish the underlying diagnosis in anisocoria. References Kawasaki A. Approach to the patient with abnormal pupils. ). Practical neurology (2nd edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002: 135-146 Cross References Argyll Robertson pupil; Holmes-adie pupil, Holmes-adie syndrome; Horner’s syndrome; Miosis; Mydriasis Annular Scotoma An annular or ring scotoma suggests retinal disease, as in retinitis pigmentosa or cancer-associated retinopathy (paraneoplastic retinal degeneration) Cross References Retinopathy; Scotoma; Visual field defects Anomia Anomia or dysnomia is a deficit in naming or word-finding.

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A Dictionary of Neurological Signs by A.J. Larner
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