By Dr Elizabeth Leane
This entire research of literary responses to Antarctica examines the wealthy physique of literature that the continent has provoked over the past 3 centuries, focussing relatively on narrative fiction. Novelists such Edgar Allan Poe, James Fenimore Cooper, Jules Verne, H. P. Lovecraft, Ursula Le Guin, Beryl Bainbridge and Kim Stanley Robinson have all been drawn artistically to the some distance south. The continent has additionally encouraged style fiction, together with a turbines and Boon novel, a Phantom comedian and a Biggles publication, in addition to numerous lost-race romances, espionage thrillers and horror-fantasies. Antarctica in Fiction attracts on those assets, in addition to movie, go back and forth narratives and explorers' personal inventive writing. It maps the some distance south as an area of the mind's eye and argues that in basic terms via attractive with this house, as well as the actual continent, will we comprehend present attitudes in the direction of Antarctica.
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Additional resources for Antarctica in Fiction: Imaginative Narratives of the Far South
The constellation of the Bear’, indicating more broadly ‘opposite to the north’ (OED), is usually attributed to Aristotle. 21 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first known English usage of the adjective ‘Antarctic’ occurs (pleasingly) in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe (c. 1391); the word can also be found in a version of Mandeville’s Travels that appeared around the same time (c. 1385). 24 Antarctica’s early cartographical origins are equally murky and open to debate; the intellectual genealogy of the concept of an antipodean continent varies from one text to another.
This notion can be found in ancient mythologies of various cultures,81 with the seventeenth century seeing the emergence of pseudo-scientific interpretations such as Kircher’s. 82 The idea found its most enthusiastic proponent, however, in the unexpected figure of American ex-army captain John Cleves Symmes. In 1818, Symmes issued the first of a series of pamphlets arguing that the earth was hollow, and its interior inhabitable and accessible via ice-girt holes at the poles. He requested support from his fellow Americans in his quest to explore the interior world to which the poles gave access.
12 In an examination of Maori associations with the Antarctic, Turi McFarlane cites another oral tradition relating to a Polynesian explorer, Tamarereti, whose crew voyaged south to investigate the southern lights. 13 For English-speaking novelists, the proximity of Maori peoples to the Antarctic was clearly suggestive and often became one ingredient in an incoherent jumble of exoticized images of indigeneity that were drawn upon in populating the southern continent. The ‘jet black’ people who occupy islands near the South Pole in Poe’s Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1838) speak a language possibly based on Maori, but also containing elements of Hebrew;14 the ‘Antarctic Esquimaux’ briefly mentioned in New Zealander Julius Vogel’s Anno Domini 2000, or, Woman’s Destiny (1889) speak ‘a language curiously little different from the Maori dialect’ and take winter sojourns on Stewart Island where they facilitate a trade in seal skins and ivory;15 and J.
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